Sunday, January 15, 2012

OSS Community Forum Regarding Proposed BCPM2011 SWOT Slide

OSS Community Forum Regarding Proposed BCPM2011 SWOT Slide

Open Source Software Community Forum Regarding Proposed Board of Computing Professional (BCPM) Bill 2011 in the implementation of Open Source Software in Malaysia. SWOT Analysis of Proposed Computing Professionals Bill 2011 slide.

Date: 6 January 2012 (Friday)
Time: 7:00 p.m.
Venue: Training Room OSCC MAMPU Level 2, MAMPU Cyberjaya 5

OSS Community Forum Regarding Proposed BCPM2011 SWOT Slide

OSS Community Forum Regarding Proposed BCPM2011 SWOT Slide — Presentation Transcript

    1. SWOT Analysis Report ofComputing Professionals Bill 2011 OSS Community Forum 6th January 2012 1

    2. ObjectivesTo provide feedback to MOSTI on the impact ofthe proposed Bill to the implementation of theMalaysian Public Sector OSS Master Plan andOpen Source Software development in Malaysia 2

    3. BackgroundPublic Sector OSS Master Plan Overview 3

    4. What is OSS? Cake Analogy Open Source (OSS) Non OSS (Proprietary) Resepi Simple Cheese Cake 1. Spong Cake Mix 500 gram Telur(B) 9 biji Susu UHT 100 ml 2. Cream Cheese 500 gram 3. Minyak Masak 100 ml Proses Kerja: 1. Adunkan (1) hingga menjadi kembang - High speed 2. Cairkan Cream Cheese(double Boiller) 3. Masukkan Cream Cheese kedalam (1)- Low Speed.Adun hingga sebati 4. Masukkan minyak hingga sebati - Low speed.adun jangan lama sangat, nanti kualiti kekak akan terjejas. 5. Masukkan ke dalam acuan, isikan acuan di didalam takungan yang berisi air, bakar pada suhu 150 C selama 45 minit pertama. Cake Recipe Cake only (No Recipe) (Software) (Source Code)Recipe enables learning, customisation Without the recipe, it becomes a “black box”and transparency with locked-in environment 4

    5. OSS Development & Distribution Model 5

    6. OSS Benefits Strategic Technology Economy Social Increase Learning & Increase Information Marketplace Innovating Interoperability Access Competition National Global License Fee Digital Divide Capability Technology Savings / Forex Reduction Building Support Reduction WorldwideLower Barrier to Customisation & Vendor Collaboration / Market Entry / Localisation Independence Networking Exit PartnershipEnhance Security Enhance Spur New & Sovereignty Technology Service Industry Sovereignty 6

    7. Public Sector OSS Master Plan● Open Source Software (OSS) Program instructed and approved by Cabinet● Approved by the GITIC on 19th February 2004● Announcement of OSS Master Plan on 16th July 2004 7

    8. Public Sector OSS Master Plan ObjectivesMaster Plan Objectives➔ Reduce total cost of ownership➔ Increase freedom of choice of software usage➔ Increase interoperability among systems➔ Increase growth of ICT industry➔ Increase growth of OSS industry➔ Increase growth of OSS user and developer community➔ Increase growth of knowledge-based society➔ Reduce digital divide 8

    9. Public Sector OSS Master Plan OverviewOSS MASTER PLAN PHASES2004 – 2006 Phase I: Laying Foundation and Early Adoption2007 – 2010 Phase 2: Accelerated Adoption2011 – onwards Phase 3: Self Reliance We are here 9

    10. OSS Smart Partnership Eco-SystemOSS Ecosystem SustainabilityModel● Leverage existing resources● Delivery of OSS solutions and services achieved through active engagement via OSCC as the bridge 10

    11. OSS Master Plan: From Vision to Reality OPEN SOURCE ● Free licensing REALITY ● Free distribution ● More cost effective,and Objectives connected and improved ODM OSS VISION OSCC OSS Public Service ● User engagement Products Proliferation ● Larger and more ● Share and reuse and in Public competitive ICT industry ● Agility and flexibility Services Service ● Improved competence ● Meritocracy of human capital ● Transparency ● Self governance ● Lessening digital divideLaying the Foundation Accelerated Adoption Self Reliance2004 Phase I 2006 2007 Phase II 2010 2011 Phase III Early Adoption Moving Forward We are here 11

    12. OSS Adoption: 2004 - 2011 Over 97% of (Malaysian OSS Master Plan) agencies are using OSS 800 691 705 707 700 600 ~ 14-foldNo. of Agencies 500 increase in OSS 400 adoption since 345 the launch of 300 Master Plan 131 163 200 51 92 100 25 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 More than RM 205 Year Million saved 12

    13. Phase I Achievements ● 60% public sector IT personnel trained in OSS 51% Web servers in public sector agencies using OSSFoundation & Early Adoption ● ● 42% Web operating systems in public sector agencies using OSS ● 5 pilot projects implemented with the following Phase I: savings: ● 80% savings in overall licensing cost ● 58% reduction in development and consultancy efforts ● 7% savings in software support services ● 30.5% savings in overall cost 13

    14. Phase II Achievements ● 80% public sector IT personnel trained in OSS (5% are certified and achieved recognition on certification by international body)Accelerated Adoption ● 97% public sector agencies using OSS 80% of agencies using OSS back-end infrastructure Phase II: ● ● 30% of agencies using OSS desktop solutions ● 30% of Institutes of Higher Learning participated in Certified Training Provider Program ● 50% of local IT vendors are providing OSS services ● Over RM205 Million in savings through OSS implementations 14

    15. Media Highlights“Malaysia is demonstrating outstanding leadership & accomplishmentin Public Sector OSS implementation with a 97% adoption rate to date”Malaysian Business Magazine, Issue Aug 1-15, 2010 “Now the Government of Malaysia proudly reports an astonishing 97% adoption rate for OSS .... and the world should congratulate Malaysia on its outstanding leadership and accomplishments in the past five years of effort..” Michael Tiemann, President of Open Source Initiative (OSI), 9 July 2010“The government has saved up to RM200 million in costs after more than95 per cent of the government agencies had adopted the Public SectorOpen Source software (OSS) programme launched in 2004.”New Straits Times, 23 August 2010 “Malaysian government touts 95 percent OSS adoption … Some 95 percent of Malaysias government agencies have adopted open source software (OSS)” ZDNetAsia,, 28 January 2010 15

    16. Phase III – Self RelianceSTRATEGIC THEMES & OBJECTIVESSUSTAINMENT - ensures continuousadoption, implementation andenhancement of OSS as laid out in Sustainmentthe Master Plan. SelfENABLEMENT - provides for capacity Reliancebuilding in terms of policies andguidelines, technology infrastructure Enablement Empowermentand human capital. Human Capital ImprovementEMPOWERMENT - brings agencies Infrastructure Governance Technology Continuousto the next level towards selfreliance and excellence in innovatingOSS technologies and solutions. 16

    17. Phase III – Self Reliance Roadmap Short Term Medium Term Long Term By 2012 2013 - 2015 2016 - 2020 Transfer of ownership of  Establishment of agencies’  Agencies become subject OSS initiatives Smart Partnership matter champions for OSS- collaboration platform based systems and able to Establishment of and ecosystem to export OSS expertise to respective agencies’ OSS accelerate OSS innovation other regions standards, procedures & processes  Production of agency-  Malaysia to become one of specific enhanced OSS key global OSS contributors Establishment of application solutions and agencies’ OSS trained and  Malaysia as a technology new OSS products for certified IT teams exporter rather than a domestic and global consumer Deployment of operation- utilisation ready OSS technology platform at respective agencies to support OSS operations 17

    18. SWOT Analysis of Computing Professionals Bill 2011 from the perspective ofMalaysian Public Sector OSS Master Plan Implementation 18

    19. SWOT Analysis Report➔ Strengths➔ Weaknesses➔ Opportunities➔ Threats➔ Recommendations 19

    20. Strengths➔ Provide quality assurance of the ICT services provided by IT professionals➔ Raise level of professional standard among IT practitioners➔ Harness the growth of IT manpower and serve as repository for computing professionals➔ Enhance the countrys IT guideline and certifications towards world standards 20

    21. Weaknesses➔ Adds new layer of bureaucracy which hampers national, industry and individual growth, and the implementation of the ETP➔ Kills spontaneity and stifles creativity and innovation of the open source developer community➔ Hinders individual contributions from OSS champions➔ Hinders the fulfilment of the OSS Master Plan objectives, namely: ● increase growth of OSS user and developer community ● increase growth of knowledge-based society➔ Reduce choice of IT vendors➔ Exemption of public sector IT professionals from the Bill defeats the purpose of the Bill 21

    22. Weaknesses➔ Many areas of the proposed Bill are vague, e.g.: ● Definition of CNII projects ● The disciplines and specialisations under the BCPM registration/certification have not been defined ● No definition for certifications authorities➔ The implementation of the BCPM can be discretionary and subject to possible abuse➔ The proposed Bill provides the Board with legal protection, and not giving the computing practitioners legal recourse in case of wrongful charges.➔ Incurred cost of IT certifications will lead to the increased cost of end products, solutions and services. 22

    23. Opportunities➔ Increased number of certified OSS professionals➔ Increased number of OSS training centres including at university levels➔ Increased number of OSS products➔ OSCC as a contributor to university curriculum leading to certification➔ OSCC as one of the recognised certification body➔ All of the above can lead to greater use of OSS, more cost effective IT spending and increased human capital development 23

    24. Threats➔ Contravening the philosophy of Open Source which recognizes meritocracy as the main driver for excellence and quality, the Bill promotes the opposite by bestowing absolute power on the Board.➔ Can be detrimental to the growth of Open Source development and related products as the result of reduced contribution and hampered individual initiatives.➔ Reduced skill opportunities for IT development within the Open Source community results in shortage of IT skills and hampered human resource development.➔ Hampers the contribution of subject matter experts and input from business verticals to IT developments.➔ All the above factors contribute to the reduction of ICT growth at national levels➔ Increases the net import of ICT skills, reduces the self reliance, and hence leads to national vulnerability.➔ Limited number of certification bodies for Open Source as compared to the proprietary software leading to the growth the proprietary software usage and hence, increase the national spending. 24

    25. Recommendations The Bill should be revised, taking into consideration the speed of technology advancement, speed of government service delivery and globalisation. A panel consisting of relevant representatives, including OSCC MAMPU and OSS community, is appointed to revise the Bill. Conduct study of countries which implement similar Bills and approach taken. Ensure the Bill addresses the weaknesses and threats to the implementation of the Malaysian Public Sector OSS Master Plan and the Economic Transformation Program 25

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